Saint Joseph, byname St. Joe , city, seats (1846) of Buchanan region, northwestern Missouri, U.S. It is located on the Missouri River (there bridged to Elwood, Kansas), 28 a long way (45 km) north of Kansas City. A trading post was set up (1826) on the site by Joseph Robidoux, a French Canadian trapper from St. Louis. The Platte Purchase (1836), adding about 2,000,000 acres (800,000 hectares) of Indian land to their state territory, led to an influx of settlers. Robidoux laid out the town in 1843 and called it for his patron saint. Through the California Gold Dash (1849), St. Joseph boomed as a steamboat basic and offer depot for westward-bound wagon trains. The traditional western terminus of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad (completed 1859), it became the eastern terminus of the Pony Exhibit, launched from St. Joseph on Apr 3, 1860. Through the American Civil War the town became a point for guerrilla functions and was frequented by boundary outlaws such as W.C. Quantrill and Jesse Adam; the last mentioned was wiped out (1882) in his home there (which has been maintained).
Within the 1840s the city was well coming to becoming an important meatpacking centre but was eclipsed by Omaha, Nebraska, and Kansas City when transcontinental railroads bypassed it. They have survived among the great livestock and grain marketplaces of the central western and is also the trade centre of any extensive agricultural region. Manufactures are diversified and include structural steel, chemicals, soybean products, pet foods, school and office products, machinery, and battery power. Travel and leisure is of growing importance.
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"Lover's Lane, Saint Jo," by Eugene Field, expresses the poet's nostalgic remembrance of the St. Joseph street where he courted his partner. Patee House, a nationwide historic landmark, comprises the reconstructed head office of the Pony Exhibit office. The Pony Express Museum is housed in the initial steady that was the starting point for the trips western to Sacramento, Calif., and the St. Joseph Museum houses a notable assortment of Native American artifacts. Pigeon Hill Animals Area and Lewis and Clark Status Park are close by. The town is the couch of Missouri Western State University or college (founded 1915 as St. Joseph Junior School). Inc. 1843. Pop. (2000) 73,990; check here St. Joseph Metro Area, 122,336; (2010) 76,780; St. Joseph Metro Area, 127,329.
City (1990 pop. 71,852), couch of Buchanan co., NW Mo., on the Missouri River; inc. 1845. It is the trade center of your rich agricultural and farming area. The town is a big market for livestock and grain, and has meatpacking and food- and leather-processing crops. Among its makes are electrical power products, equipment, chemicals, clothing, and pet food. The city was organized c.1843 on the site of any trading post founded (1826) by Joseph Robidoux. In 1860, St. Joseph became the eastern terminus of the pony exhibit. The city was also an early on, important railroad centre until bypassed by the transcontinental railroad. Of interest are the pony-express stables (now a museum), the poet Eugene Field's home, and metropolis museum with noted Native American relics. Missouri American State College is there.